There are several different stages of gum disease. The initial stage is called gingivitis. It is caused by plaque which has been allowed to harden into tartar at the gum line. This leads to an inflammation that irritates gun tissues. Initial symptoms include red or inflamed gums that usually bleed easily during brushing and flossing. Many people with gingivitis also struggle with chronic bad breath.
Minor cases of gingivitis can usually be mitigated by a general improvement of your oral hygiene routine. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day with abrasive toothpaste followed by flossing between your teeth and along the gum line.
Unfortunately tartar at the gum line can be very hard to remove yourself. It usually requires the techniques and training of the dental professionals at your regular dental checkup and cleaning.
Left unresolved gingivitis and tartar buildup at the gum line can develop into periodontitis. When this happens it can cause your gums to pull back from your teeth creating pockets that can harbor bacterial infection. In time this can cause your gums to pull back from the teeth creating pockets of infection. This can lead to a loss of bone material in your jaw where your teeth are anchored.
If you are concerned that you might be developing gum disease or you are overdue for your regular dental cleaning, please call us at 214-691-5621 to schedule an appointment. We are happy to help you restore your smile!